The increasing issue of contaminated water has affected human beings across the entire planet. From industrial waste to pollution, there are a large number of reasons associated with the presence of impurities in water.
This issue has primarily affected travelers, wanderers, and people staying in flood-affected areas. To tackle these hard times, people are inclining toward various purification methods, out of which water purification tablets are preferred most.
With portability and easy to use properties, these tablets are becoming a favorite choice among people. In this article, we have prepared a rundown of the best water purification tablets in the USA.
Along with this list, you will come across the necessary information related to buying guides, impurity present in water, how water purification tablets work, and much more. Have a look!
What Are Water Purification Tablets
Most part of our world still looks out for pure drinking water. The search for unpolluted water might extend for some years, but different discoveries have made the process easy with some chemical experiments.
We are talking about water purification tablets. These tablets are useful for killing pathogens in water, which becomes safe and healthy for drinking for humans.
Water purification tablets are becoming a common source of water among international travelers and people staying in flood-affected areas. These tablets are portable and effective in deactivating bacteria, viruses, and other pollutants in the water.
What Do Water Purifiers Protect Against?
The risk against pure water is increasing drastically, in this case, water purifiers prove to be more useful. Usually, there are three major risks against water – sediments, biological organisms, and chemicals, or toxins. Here are some pollutants, which water purifiers provide protection –
- Sediments – Sediments are common pollutants in water. It usually contains solid things such as dirt, sand, silt, plant, and some animal matter. This can be easily removed using a filter or a cloth filter such as cotton, wool, or a t-shirt.
- Algae – Due to increasing industrial waste and worsening of climate change has resulted in the formation of green, blue, or brown slime to grow in still water. Algae can be mitigated and removed by using chlorine-based products, boiling, UV light, distillation, and other solutions.
- Bacteria – Bacteria appear in water from namely a few reasons such as fecal waste of humans and animals, like cholera, shigella, and others. One can easily kill it by using chlorine and iodine compounds, UV light, reverse osmosis, and more conventional methods.
- Protozoa – Protozoa are advanced single-cell organisms reliant on organic matter. In North America, a common example of Giardia, cryptosporidium, and cyclospora has been observed majorly. The issue of Protozoa can be resolved using iodine.
- Cysts – Cysts are a different type of water risk. These are present in inactive forms holding a resemblance to bacteria and protozoa. The inactivity of cysts come to halt once they enter our body. It can not be treated with iodine.
- Viruses – Viruses are one of the major reasons causing Hepatitis A, SARS, polio, and other diseases. Viruses can be killed and handled by using iodine.
- Chemical waste – The most common pollutants in rivers are chemical waste. Several factors are responsible for chemical waste such as pesticides, oil, industrial waste, and much more. Some particles can not be completely removed, however, you can use reverse osmosis, water purification tablets, flocculants, and more.
Features To Consider Before Buying Water Purification Tablets
Before settling for any water purification tablet, you must look beyond the price, brand, and online reviews. There are several factors like shelf life, access to clean, weight, and water systems you must consider before shopping for any product. Here, we have lined out some necessary features you can look for.
Process of Purifying
If you are a traveler and stay away from home, you will most likely face the situation of getting proper drinking water. In such cases, you can rely on water purification tablets. Most of the brands offer quick and easy methods to purify water. For instance, several tablets start working within 30 min and you can save your time and energy in purifying the water. Take a water purifier test and use the process at home to ensure that the process is suitable for you and your health.
Water purification tablets have close to no weight. However, the weight can be varied if you are storing these in large quantities. Most of the wanderers store these necessary items in advance, which might be useful but can affect the traveling weight of luggage and backpacks. Look out for different water purification tablets and how less it will impact the luggage’s weight while also managing to purify the water.
Taste and Smell of water
When it comes to drinking water, most of the people neglect the issue of taste and smile, rather cherish the privilege of drinking water. However, if you are planning to use the tablets for a long time, then you must consider how its taste and smell would impact you. To normalize the smell, you can use a neutralizer, but it would be suitable if you buy a tablet that offers proper taste and smell. Additionally, if the water purifying tablet you are willing to buy comes with a smell of chlorine, then you can remove it by letting the purified water sit uncovered, which will allow the chlorine to evaporate from the water.
What can the tablets fight against
This is the most important factor to consider before buying any water purification tablet. You must be aware of the bacteria viruses the tablet can fight against. Although, you must look for those tablets containing elements that are capable of combating bacteria viruses cysts, giardia lamblia, and cryptosporidium cysts. Most of these tablets consists of chlroine dioxide, iodine, and other elements with a shelf life of three to five years.
What Types of Water Purification Tablets and Drops Are There?
There are several types of products used for the purification of water. Most of them have a close resemblance to distillation and reverse osmosis. Here we have listed some of the most common types of water purification tablets and drops.
Solid Chemical Tablets
Solid chemical tablets are individually wrapped and closed tablets just like other medicines. These are usually coin-sized and easily portable. You can drop these in your water container to get purified water.
Liquid Chemical Drops
The liquid chemical drops hold a similar idea as solid chemical tablets. These drops are individually stored in the liquid form and can be used using an eyedropper. Drop a few drops according to the requirement to purify the water.
Many purification methods include UV light as portable water purifiers. This type is present in the form of a wand or pen, which can stick into the water. Or, it is usually built into a bottle wall or cap.
This process is quite different from other methods. It uses a kind of gel that circles contaminants, which cause them to merge, collect, and solidify into a bigger size. These chunks fall to the bottom that can be easily removed and filtered.
Why Do You Need Water Tablets?
With increasing issues of people drinking contaminated water, water purification tablets are becoming a prime source to purify water. Here are some reasons why you need water purification tablets.
- Water purification tablets are responsible for cleaning harmful pathogens from water. As most of the tablets consist of iodine, chlorine dioxide, or chlorine, which is robust enough to kill disease-causing bacteria, viruses, and more. Apart from killing the viruses, water purification tablets also keep the water pure and bacteria-free for a longer tie. This process ensures that there will be no further growth or development of any harmful elements.
- The best reason for buying water purification tablets is the mobility factor. These portable solutions are easy to carry and can be used while traveling. You will not need any additional baggage or previous set-up to get pure water. With these tablets, you can take water from a lake, pond, or any place and drink it after purifying. These tablets are the best deal for backpackers, travelers, and people staying in flood-affected areas.
- Along with portable features, water purification tablets are favored due to its easy to use and hassle-free factors. There is no need to conduct any previous set-up or process to begin the purification process. Some traditional methods used to take time with their process like ultraviolet radiation, filtration, or boiling, which is not the case in water purification tablets.
How Do Water Purification Tablets Work?
The purification chemicals comprise iodine, chlorine, or compounds relevant to these elements. These elements are effective in purifying water without any hassle. However, it is usually said that mixed compounds are effective and preferred than pure elements. The mixed compounds are responsible for increasing shelf life for almost five years, easy to use, and reliable.
The process of killing pathogens begins with the usage of iodine, chlorine, or chlorine dioxide. These elements attack proteins, amino acids, and cellular structures to remove impurities. Their effect can be severe enough to disrupt a microorganism’s metabolic function.
To discuss the elements present in the purification tablets, chlorine holds a significant position. This compound consists of chlorine dioxide, sodium dichloroisocyanurate, sodium chlorite, and sodium hypochlorite. These elements, specially sodium hypochlorite, are usually found in household bleach and commonly used in most water purification methods and tablets.
Will Iodine Work Instead Of Water Purification Tablets?
Iodine and silver holds numerous qualities to kill and remove impurities from the water. However, their purity and properties usually get hindered with peddling or some other biological reasons. This can impact their performance of purifying water.
Iodine is a good solution for treating water, but it can be problematic for people with thyroid problems or pregnant women. This compound is effective in eliminating bacteria, giardia, or viruses within 35 min, but will not stand a chance against cyst and cryptosporidium.
Iodine usually comes in liquid or crystal form, whereas the market consists of iodine tablets too. But these can expire after opening in three months. Iodine can be sensitive to water temperature too. If you are planning to visit cold places, then you might find it difficult to purify the water in cold temperatures.
How Silver Appears In The Process of Water Purification
When it comes to using silver for water purification, it comes with some technicalities too. Silver consists of antimicrobial properties, which has created some impregnated silver filters too. However, this scenario comes to shamble due to the exploitation of silver and turning it into colloidal silver. The impure silver works technically but can be unhealthy to your cells. This is why experts prefer and advise on chlorine-type products.
Guidelines By World Health Organization For Emergency Treatment Of Drinking Water
From western countries to Asia, the transmission of waterborne diseases has increased drastically. The list of diseases is neverending, and their treatment seems to be improving in tiny steps. To prevent the development of diseases, the World Health Organization has worked rigorously and globally. WHO has produced and worked on a series of guidelines to enhance the emergency treatment of drinking water.
The response toward this global issue works upon the implementation of Water Cleaning Plans, which would manage risks from different carriers, catchment to consumer. The plan targets providing health-based and effective measures to ensure the safety of the public. WHO also focused on the development of guidance materials and providing direct support to various countries. With strengthened surveillance practices, the security of water purification system will be boosted to a new and safe level.
How Global Organization Come Up Together To Provide Pure Water Across Countries
The World Health Organization has been globally responding and testing household water treatment products. Two main practices have been observed mainly – WHO International Scheme to Evaluate Household Water Treatment Technologies and another project with UNICEF. The first practice focuses on protecting users from the pathogens in water and the second practice is working on sanitation and hygiene in medical facilities. Along with these organizations, several international government parties and communities are riogrously running campaigns to provide proper drinking and clean water facilities.
Here’s The List For Best Water Purification Tablets
|1. Potable Aqua Water Purification Tablets With PA Plus|
|2. Katadyn Micropur MP1 Water Purification Tablets|
|3. Aquatabs Water Purification Tablets|
|4. Potable Aqua Germicidal Water Purification Tablets|
Potable Aqua Water Purification Tablets With PA Plus
In this rundown for the best water purification tablets, Potable Aqua Store brings you two 50 count bottles. These Potable water tablets are capable of bacteriologically purifying the contaminated water within the span of 35 minutes. These tablets are more effective against bacteria and giardia lamblia.
These water purification tablets from Potable Aqua Store are trusted by military and other organizations under emergency situations. It comprises a neutralizing effect as you will not come across any foul taste or smell. It can treat up to 25 quarts in a single buy.
- Fights against giardia lamblia
- Safety heat sealed
- Wait time for 35 min
- Look for chlorine dioxide water treatment
Katadyn Micropur MP1 Water Purification Tablets
Katadyn is one of the most trusted brands for treating the issue of water contamination. These tablets are effective against microorganisms and each tablet can treat 1 liter of water. With this listing of water purifying tablets, this brand offers lightweight and portable services.
These tablets from Katadyn are effective in combating viruses, bacteria, giardia, and cryptosporidium. To purify the water, place the tablet into a 1L water and wait for four hours to let the tablet eliminate the impurities. This product is effective in improving taste and odor by matching the standards of EPA microbiological water purifiers.
- Provides clean water
- Improved water source
- Takes a long time in purifying
Aquatabs Water Purification Tablets
Get trustworthy and purifying water tablets for your journey. Aquatabs is a reliable brand to get a quick and easy solution to treat contaminated water. These tablets work efficiently against viruses, bacteria, and giardia cysts and eliminate these impurities in 30 min.
Aquatabs are the best solution for ultralight backcountry, international, and domestic travel. You can easily carry it in your backpack while camping and hiking. A box of Aquatabs contains 30 individual packaged tablets, where each tablet is capable of treating 2 quarts of clear water.
- Purifier test standards
- Provides taste like a filtered water bottle
- Look for chlorine dioxide
Potable Aqua Germicidal Water Purification Tablets
Yet another water purifying tablets from Potable Aqua. These tablets can eliminate bacterial and Giardia cysts within 35 min. The main components used in these Potable water purifying tablets are tetraglycine hydroperiodide and titratable iodine.
Each bottle of Potable Aqua contains 50 tablets, which can treat 25 quarts of water. To use this product, you can add two water purifying tablets to treat 1-L water and loosely leave a cap open to allow some leakage.
- Provides clean water
- Great shelf life
- Look for chlorine dioxide
This article featured the best water purification tablets. Here we tried to cover necessary information regarding several aspects – what is a water purification tablet, buying guide, guidelines by the World Health Organization, and much more. Along with frequently asked questions and product descriptions, you can easily read and analyze the product best for you. If you have any questions and suggestions for this article, connect with us, and share your thoughts. Stay hydrated and we will get back to you soon!